In France, the Water Management Associations are
- the “wateringues” in the northern part of the country,
- and the “Association Syndicales Autorisées (ASA)”
These water boards are local public authorities grouping landowners of the concerned territory, with a self-supporting financial system. Each of them has its own tasks according to its regulation act.
Among 7000 ASA exist all around the country, 4000 are water boards (the others deal with other activities, such as road and infrastructure building in forests and in pastures) :
- more than 1200 ASA have to deal with excess water (wateringues, marshland area,
drainage network etc..);
- 200 ASA are responsible for river bank maintenance;
- 50 ASA construct and maintain erosion and flood control works in vineyard areas;
- more than 2000 ASA deal with irrigation, half of them by of gravitation canals, the other half by pumping stations and a network of pipes and tubes.
- And ASA 140 operate a drinking water network.
The regulations on these water boards are laid down in the Ordonnance of 1st July 2004 and Decree of 3rd May 2006 which have replaced the 1865 law and its application decree. With regard to water management, water boards have to act according to the Environmental code that was actualized for water management late 2006.
They map below shows the main area where each type of water boards in France can be found. Click on the map to enlarge the image.